Volume 6, Number 1
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Issue 1
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Science International Vol. 5 (3), 2017
Research Article
Role of Expressed Sequence Tags in Cotton Improvement
Viralkumar B Mandaliya and Vrinda S Thaker
Abstract: Cotton is a very economically important crop and cotton scientist, breeders and farmers are in a quest to improve the cotton quality. Genetic marker system will aid a tool to improve cotton crop. Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) are short DNA sequences reverse-transcribed from the cellular mRNA population. The ESTs in cotton had used to study comparative genetic mapping, to study genes involved in cotton fiber development and to develop various PCR-based molecular markers. The highest number of ESTs was reported in Gossypium hirsutum (G. hirsutum) i.e., 337,811 and lowest in Gossypium hirsutum (G. herbaceum) i.e., 247. Cotton ESTs in future by locating and detecting agronomic important genes will lead to open up new rise in cotton genomics and transcriptomics research.
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